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Ganesan, Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease in Childhood, cover

Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease in Childhood (ebook)

Product Type: PDF (Complete Book)

ISBN: 9781907655357

Vijeya Ganesan (Editor), Fenella Kirkham (Editor)

Series: International Reviews of Child Neurology Series

Edition: 1st

Publication date: March 2011

Page count: 248

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The field of stroke and cerebrovascular disease in children is one in which there has been much recent research activity, leading to new clinical perspectives.

This book for the first time summarizes the state of the art in this field. A team of eminent clinicians, neurologists and researchers provide an up-to-the-minute account of all aspects of stroke and cerebrovascular disease in children, ranging from a historical perspective to future directions, through epidemiology, the latest neuroimaging techniques, neurodevelopment, comorbidities, diagnosis and treatment. The authors’ practical approach to the clinical problems makes this essential reading for practising clinicians. It will also be of interest to researchers in the field.

International Review of Child Neurology Series No. 11

Vijeya Ganesan (Editor)

Vijeya Ganesan

Dr Vijeya Ganesan is Senior Clinical Lecturer at the Institute of Child Health, University College London. Special interests: Neurovascular disorders and general neurology.

Fenella Kirkham (Editor)

Fenella Kirkham

Fenella Kirkham is Professor of Paediatric Neurology at the Institute of Child Health, University College London and Great Ormond Street Hospital, London.

  • AUTHORS' APPOINTMENTS ix
  • 1. CHILDHOOD STROKE – THE UNKINDEST CUT OF ALL: A HISTORY OF CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD 1
  • Andrew N. Williams and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 2. DEVELOPMENT OF THE BRAIN CIRCULATION 17
  • Chao Bao Luo, Marina Sachet Ferreira, Hortensia Alvarez, Georges Rodesch and Pierre L. Lasjaunias
  • 3. THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CHILDHOOD STROKE 22
  • Gabrielle deVeber
  • 4. CLINICAL AND IMAGING FEATURES OF CHILDHOOD STROKE 27
  • 4.1 CLINICAL SYNDROMES 27
  • 4.1.1 ANTERIOR CIRCULATION STROKE 27
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 4.1.2 POSTERIOR CIRCULATION STROKES IN CHILDREN 38
  • Bhuwan P. Garg
  • 4.1.3 SPINAL CORD STROKE 43
  • Bettina Harms, Jason MacDonald and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 4.2 NEUROIMAGING 48
  • 4.2.1 IMAGING OF PAEDIATRIC STROKE 48
  • Dawn E. Saunders and W.K. Kling Chong
  • 4.2.2 RECENT ADVANCES IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING 57
  • Fernando Calamante, Jacques-Donald Tournier and Alan Connelly
  • 5. RISK FACTORS AND TRIGGERS FOR CRYPTOGENIC (AND SYMPTOMATIC) STROKE 84
  • 5.1 CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES FROM INFECTIOUS/INFLAMMATORY ORIGIN 84
  • Guillaume Sébire and Benedict Michel (with a section on human immunodeficiency virus by Nomazulu Dlamini and Fenella J. Kirkham)
  • 5.2 THROMBOPHILIA AND CHILDHOOD STROKE 91
  • Ulrike Nowak-Göttl and Ronald Sträter
  • 5.3 HYPERTENSION AND CHILDHOOD STROKE 94
  • Juan C. Kupferman, Fenella J. Kirkham and Steven Pavlakis
  • 5.4 TRAUMA 96
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 5.5 IRON DEFICIENCY 96
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 5.6 PATENT FORAMEN OVALE AND PARADOXICAL EMBOLISM 96
  • Vijeya Ganesan and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 6. ARTERIAL ISCHAEMIC STROKE AND VASCULAR DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD 107
  • 6.1 CERVICOCEPHALIC ARTERIAL DISSECTIONS IN CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE 107
  • Göran Darius Hildebrand and Stéphane Chabrier
  • 6.2 TRANSIENT CEREBRAL ARTERIOPATHY 115
  • Guillaume Sébire
  • 6.3 MOYAMOYA SYNDROME IN CHILDHOOD 120
  • Vijeya Ganesan and Brian G.R. Neville
  • 6.4 CEREBRAL VASCULITIS 127
  • Russell C. Dale
  • 6.5 VASOSPASM 131
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 6.6 TORTUOSITY AND DOLICHOECTASIA 132
  • Katharine M.L. Forrest
  • 6.7 DEVELOPMENTAL VENOUS ANOMALIES 133
  • Mara Prengler and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 7. CEREBAL SINOVENOUS (VENOUS SINUS) THROMBOSIS 145
  • Gabrielle deVeber
  • 8. HAEMORRHAGIC STROKE 160
  • 8.1 NON-TRAUMATIC INTRACRANIAL HAEMORRHAGE IN CHILDREN 160
  • Vijeya Ganesan and Dawn E. Saunders
  • 8.2 SURGICAL TREATMENT OF HAEMORRHAGIC STROKE IN CHILDREN 169
  • Joan P. Grieve and Neil D. Kitchen
  • 8.3 INTERVENTIONAL NEURORADIOLOGY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ANEURYSMS AND ARTERIOVENOUS SHUNTS IN CHILDREN 172
  • Chao Bao Luo, Marina Sachet Ferreira, Hortensia Alvarez, Georges Rodesch, Pierre L. Lasjuanias and Stefan K. Brew
  • 8.4 STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS IN CHILDREN 177
  • M.W.R. Radatz and A.A. Kemeny
  • 9. NEONATAL STROKE 183
  • 9.1 PERINATAL ARTERIAL STROKE 183
  • Frances Cowan and Eugenio Mercuri
  • 9.2 INTRACRANIAL HAEMORRHAGE IN THE NEWBORN 194
  • Fenella J. Kirkham and Frances Cowan
  • 10. VEIN OF GALEN ANEURYSMAL MALFORMATION 204
  • Chao Bao Luo, Marina Sachet Ferreira, Hortensia Alvarez, Georges Rodesch, Pierre L. Lasjaunias and Stefan K. Brew
  • 11. STURGE-WEBER SYDROME 212
  • Sarah Aylett
  • 12. HEMPILEGIC MIGRAINE 217
  • Sarah Benton, Michel D. Ferrari, Fenella J. Kirkham and Peter J. Goadsby
  • 13. ALTERNATING HEMIPLEGIA OF CHILDHOOD 225
  • Jean Aicardi and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 14. INBORN METABOLIC DISEASE AND ACUTE FOCAL NEUROLOGY 233
  • Robert Surtees and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 15. SYMPTOMATIC STROKE 245
  • 15.1 CARDIAC DISORDERS 245
  • Vijeya Ganesen
  • 15.2 GENETICALLY DETERMINED VASCULOPATHIES AND STROKE SYNDROMES WITHOUT NEUROCUTANEOUS STIGMATA 251
  • Fenella J. Kirkham and Nomazulu Dlamini
  • 15.3 GENETICALLY DETERMINED VASCULOPATHIES AND STROKE SYNDROMES WITH NEUROCUTANEOUS SYNDROMES 256
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 15.4 CONGENITAL AND ACQUIRED ANAEMIAS 261
  • Dimitrios Zafeiriou, Mara Prengler, Steven Pavlakis and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 15.5 IMMUNODEFICIENCY AND BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION 287
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 15.6 PREMATURE AGEING SYDROMES (PROGERIAS) 287
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 15.7 STROKE IN CHILDREN WITH CANCER 288
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 15.8 INFLAMMATORY VASCULOPATHIES 293
  • Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 16. ACUTE MANAGEMENT 319
  • Rebecca Ichord, Anne Yardumian, Fenella J. Kirkham and Gabrielle DeVeber
  • 17. RECURRENCE, OUTCOME AND REHABILITATION 337
  • 17.1 RECURRENCE AND SECONDARY PREVENTION 337
  • Vijeya Ganesan and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • 17.2 OUTCOME AFTER STROKE IN CHILDHOOD 340
  • Anne Gordon, Lucinda Carr, Vijeya Ganesan, Fenella J. Kirkham and Gabrielle deVeber
  • 17.3 ONTOGENETIC SPECIALIZATION OF HEMISPHERIC FUNCTION 354
  • Faraneh Vargha-Khadem, Elizabeth Isaacs, Kate Watkins and Mortimer Mishkin
  • 17.4 NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME IN CHILDREN WITH CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS 362
  • Amy Savage, Catherine Hill, Fenella J. Kirkham and Alexandra Hogan
  • 17.5 SICKLE CELL DISEASE: COGNITIVE AND BEHAVIOURAL OUTCOME 370
  • Alexandra Hogan
  • 17.6 REHABILITATION AFTER STROKE IN CHILDREN 380
  • Anne Gordon and Lucinda Carr
  • 18. FUTURE DIRECTIONS 398
  • Vijeya Ganesan and Fenella J. Kirkham
  • INDEX 403
  • Colour plates fall between pages 212 and 213.

‘This book deserves its place in the International Review of Child Neurology Series and will serve as an excellent reference text for paediatric neurologists, neuropaediatricians, allied health professionals, and others involved in the care of newborn infants and children affected by cerebrovascular disorders.’ Mark Mackay, Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2011

‘This unique book brings together current opinion and evidence from an impressive number of well known professionals working within paediatric cerebrovascular disease.’ Karen Pysden, European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 2011

‘This book represents an extraordinary accomplishment on the part of the editors and the many contributing authors, and serves as a testament to how this nascent field has progressed considerably over the past decade. It is of interest to both experts in the field and general child neurologists seeking a comprehensive yet in-depth review of childhood cerebrovascular disease.’ Heather J. Fullerton, Pediatric Neurology, 2012

‘One of the notable features of this book is the enormous number of references, sometimes more than 900, at the end of each chapter, which is very useful for readers.’ Mana Kurihara, Brain & Development, 2011

‘This textbook will serve as an excellent reference for pediatric and adult neurologists, particularly those with an interest in stroke. Haematologists, neuroradiologists, and rehabilitation specialists in stroke will find the book interesting as well. I suspect, however, that you will end up reading it from cover to cover before you set it on your reference shelf.’ Catherine Amlie-Lefond, The Lancet Neurology, 2011

‘To summarize, this book is of great value for both the young and the experienced paeditrician and neuropaediatrician but also for the neurosurgeon and the interventional and imaging specialist. It can be used as a reference textbook of the present knowledge and management of neonatal and childhood stroke and can be warmly recommended. As the awareness of stroke in children is low, even in children with known predisposing condition, we can hope that reading this book and following these guidelines will give a better management, lower mortality and morbidity also in children in the future.’ Sten Christerson, Acta Paediatrica, 2011

'This is a worthy addition to any child neurologist's library. I will share it with my colleagues and definitely direct our child neurology residents to it for further reading.' Korwyn Williams, MD, PhD, Phoenix Children's Hospital