Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66 & GMFM-88) User’s Manual 3rd Edition

The third edition of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66 & GMFM-88) User’s Manual has retained the information contained in the original 2002 and 2013 publications which included the conceptual background to the development of the GMFM, and the administration and scoring guidelines for people to be able to administer this clinical and research assessment tool appropriately. Information is presented on the development and validation of two abbreviated methods of estimating GMFM-66 scores using the GMFM-66-Item sets (GMFM-66-IS) and the GMFM-66-B&C (Basal & Ceiling), and updates are included on the Challenge module and the Quality FM, translations, and the use of the GMFM in populations other than cerebral palsy and Down syndrome.

The new edition includes information and an Appendix on the updated version of the Gross Motor Ability Estimator scoring program (GMAE-3), which is available through the GMFM App+ (see the CanChild website at (



The GMFM User’s Manual, is used primarily by physical therapists and other health professionals who work with children, youth and adults with cerebral palsy. The tool has both wide clinical applicability as a means of assessing and describing current gross motor function in this population, and as a validated method of evaluating change in function over time. It serves the needs of clinical and health services researchers as an outcome measure to assess the impact of any of a host of interventions that are proposed as methods of enhancing or tacking gross motor function in this population.

Author Podcast

In this podcast, Peter L Rosenbaum discusses their newest publication, Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66 & GMFM-88) User’s Manual 3rd Edition (July 2021).


This unique book focuses on enabling children and young people with neurodisability to participate in the varied life situations that form their personal, familial and cultural worlds.

Written in five parts, the book provides the reader with knowledge about the concept of participation; detailed understanding of how varying contexts influence participation outcomes; how to measure participation as an outcome and as a process; how to intervene to promote participation outcomes; and future directions and challenges. Chapters provide diverse examples of evidence-based practices and are enriched by scenarios and vignettes to engage and challenge the reader to consider how participation in meaningful activities might be optimised for individuals and their families. The book’s practical examples aim to facilitate knowledge transfer, clinical application and service planning for the future.

  • The only book to focus on participation in children with childhood onset neurodisability
  • This book brings together highly expert contributors, experienced in the field and up to date with current conceptual frameworks and research.
  • Vignettes, scenarios and real-life stories are used to challenge assumptions, support application to practice and drive future thinking.
  • By providing an international perspective on participation, the book addresses issues influencing engagement in meaningful activities across contexts and cultures.


This book will be of interest to practitioners including medical and allied health professionals, particularly: Physiotherapists, Occupational Therapists, Speech and Language Therapists, Psychologists and Neuropsychologists, Paediatric Neurologists, Paediatric Neurodisability specialists and specialist Nurses.

Additionally, Movement and Rehabilitation scientists as well as those working in Special Educational Needs and Social Care environments will find relevant information to support their work and inter-disciplinary practice and impact on policy. Other stakeholders, including consumers (parents and those with lived experience of childhood onset disability) and policy makers, may find information of value to their planning.

Video about the book

Watch the editors Christine Imms and Dido Green discuss the book below:

Clinics in Developmental Medicine

Ethics in Child Health

Have you ever:

  • Wondered how to deal with a family that repeatedly fails to keep clinic appointments?
  • Disagreed with colleagues over a proposed course of treatment for a child?
  • Considered ways to ‘bump’ a child on a waiting to speed up their assessment?

These are a few of the scenarios faced by clinicians in neurodisability on a daily basis. Ethics in Child Health explores the ethical dimensions of these issues that have either been ignored or not recognised.

Each chapter is built around a scenario familiar to clinicians and is discussed with respect to how ethical principles can be utilised to inform decision-making. Useful ‘Themes for Discussion’ are provided at the end of each chapter to help professionals and students develop practical ethical thinking.

Ethics in Child Health offers a set of principles that clinicians, social workers and policy-makers can utilise in their respective spheres of influence.


Clinicians and paediatricians in neurodisability, service providers in neurodisability, community-based health professionals, and health policy makers.

Full Book Review

Read the full book review by Al Aynsley-Green published in Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology.

Video About the Book

Click <a style="font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', 'Bitstream Charter', Times, serif;font-size: 16px;font-style: normal;font-weight: 400;letter-spacing: normal;text-align: start;text-indent: 0px;text-transform: none;background-color: #ffffff" title="here ” href=”” target=”_self” rel=”noopener”>here to see two of the Editors, Peter Rosenbaum and Bernard Dan, discussing the development of the book, and what they hope to achieve with its publication.


ICF: A Hands-on Approach for Clinicians and Families

This accessible handbook introduces the World Health Organisation’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to professionals working with children with disabilities and their families.

It contains an overview of the elements of the ICF but focusses on practical applications, including how the ICF framework can be used with children, families and carers to formulate health and management goals.

The Appendices contain case studies for individuals and interdisciplinary teams to work through and discuss, alongside other resources, and a copy of an ICF code set for children and youth is available to download online (see Further Material).

  • The first practical manual of the ICF
  • Rich in case examples
  • Great workbook for team development using the ICF as a common language

From the Introduction by Peter Rosenbaum:

‘From time to time in the field of healthcare, an exciting new development emerges to challenge and potentially transform thinking and behaviour. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and its framework is undoubtedly one of these transformative resources and is increasingly widely used in the field of childhood disability.’


Clinicians and paediatricians in neurodisability, service providers in neurodisability, community-based health professionals, and the families of children with disabilities.

Video About the Book

Watch Peter Rosenbaum discuss the book with Bernard Dan, Editor-in-Chief of Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology:

Original Title: Die ICF-CY in der Praxis

by Olaf Kraus de Camargo and Liane Simon

Copyright 2013 by Hogrefe AG;

2nd Edition Copyright 2017

A Practical Guide from Mac Keith Press


Further material 


Author Appointments

Appendix 6: ICF Code Sets for Children and Youth are FREE to download as a PDF with every book purchase.

Contact for free access if you have purchased the book from another book seller.

Life Quality Outcomes

Health care professionals need to understand their patients’ views of their condition and its effects on their health and well-being.

This book builds on the World Health Organization’s concepts of ‘health’, ‘functioning’ and ‘quality of life’ for young people with neurodisabilities: it emphasises the importance of engaging with patients in the identification of both treatment goals and their evaluation. Uniquely, it enables health care professionals to find critically reviewed outcomes-related information. The authors are leaders in their respective research fields and discuss theory, concepts, and evidence, and how these are applied in clinical settings and research applications.

  • Summaries of key facts enable decision making at various points of care
  • International team of experts presents up-to-date evidence-based approaches to better understand, to be able to measure and ideas to intervene to improve outcomes and decrease disability
  • Practical generic strategies to improve the care of young people with neurodevelopmental conditions
  • The non-categorical approach that the authors have taken provides opportunities for readers to find the big issues within the details
  • This book addresses relatively new and emerging concepts about the life experiences of young people growing up with neurological and developmental conditions that influence their life course.


  • Health care professionals working with children and youth with neurological and developmental conditions, wanting to expand their clinical or research horizons.
  • Frontline service providers, health services and social science researchers, clinical program managers and policy makers concerned with ensuring that their clinical or programmatic services are addressing contemporary issues as effectively as possible.
  • Students in the health professions and others in related fields (such as social work).

Clinics in Developmental Medicine