Subject: Fetal, Preterm and Neonatal

Series: Clinics in Developmental Medicine

Publication date: 11/11/2015

ISBN: 9781909962538

Edition: 2nd

Pages: 176

The Placenta and Neurodisability, 2nd Edition

Ian Crocker, Martin Bax (Editors)

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Many neurodevelopmental deficits originate in the perinatal period and there is increasing awareness of the need to look to early life, including prenatal life, to understand the origins of cognitive development and risk of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases.

This comprehensive and authoritative book is structured in a logical way from pathology to clinical outcome. Throughout, information from the basic sciences is placed within the clinical context, and there is excellent use of illustrative figures and images.  Written by leading obstetricians, neonatologists, paediatricians and pathologists, this volume collates the ever-increasing evidence, both pathological and epidemiological, for the critical role of the utero-placenta in neurodisability, both at term and preterm. It encapsulates new advances in antepartum and perinatal imaging, new clinical aspects of fetal compromise, recent evidence of endocrine, haematological and inflammatory origins of utero-placental dysfunction, and possible cerebro-protective interventions. This text is essential reading for everyone concerned with child development and the in-utero origins of neurological disability.

  • Written by leading obstetricians, neonatologists, paediatricians and pathologists
  • Discusses the role of  placenta in the pathophysiology of CNS
  • Examines recent evidence of endocrine, haematological and inflammatory origins of utero-placental dysfunction
  • Reviews latest advances in antepartum and perinatal imaging


Obstetricians, neonatologists, pathologists and basic scientists.

Clinics in Developmental Medicine Series

Ian Crocker
Ian Crocker

Ian Crocker is a senior scientist within the Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre in Manchester, UK. He is an NIHR Fellow, with a 10-year research focus on the human placenta.

He is a member of the Maternal Medicine Clinical Studies Group, part of the Comprehensive Clinical Research Network, treasurer of the Blair Bell Society, the research arm of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, editorial board member of the journal Placenta, and 2006 recipient of the prestigious Gabor Than Award from the International Federation of Placental Associations, for his outstanding contributions to placental research.

Martin Bax
Martin Bax

Martin Bax was one of the pioneers of community paediatrics and brought a scholarly approach to the subject. He is Emeritus Reader in Child Health at Imperial College London and Honorary Consultant Paediatrician at the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital campus.

Dr Bax was for many years senior editor of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology and was chairperson of the European Academy of Childhood Disability and President of the Society for the Study of Behavioural Phenotypes (SSBP).

He co-edited the third edition of Aicardi’s Diseases of the Nervous System in ChildhoodComorbidities in Developmental Disorders and Visual Impairment in Children due to Damage to the Brain.

Other books by Martin Bax


1. Placental pathology and perinatal brain injury

Raymond Redline

2. Abnormal Placental Phenotypes

Colin Sibley and Michelle Desforges

3. Aberrant placental endocrinology, fetal growth and neurodevelopment

Jayne Charnoc and Melissa Westwood

4. The rheology of utero-placental and feto-placental blood flow

Ian Crocker

5. Inflammation and Placentation

Karen Racicot and Gil Mor

6. Infections and the fetal inflammatory response

Donald Peebles and Catherine James

7. Cerebral ischaemia and white matter injury

Suresh Victor and Michael Weindling

8. In utero imaging of the human placenta

Emma Ingram and Ed Johnstone

9. Cerebral Function and Fetal Growth Restriction

Irene Cetin and Valentina Brusati

10. Placental programming and mental illness: fetal growth and schizophrenia

Kathryn Abel and Martin Allin

11. Cerebro-therapeutics

Philip Steer

12. Summing up and unsolved problems

Karin Nelson

'The book is composed of 12 fairly independent reviews on various aspects of placental pathology and its contribution to neurodevelopment. The first chapter is an overview of the subject and the last chapter is a summary and review of unsolved problems by Dr. Nelson. Chapters on inflammation, infection, fetal growth restriction, and in-utero imaging are examples of the topics the book covers. An interesting chapter on cerebro-therapeutics discusses some of the common therapies used today, such as magnesium sulfate, cooling, antibiotics, and even the approach to the breech presentation, although much of this clinical discussion is rather superficial. There are some good color plates at the end of the book.'

Jay Goldsmith, MD, Tulane University School of Medicine

'The book is a recommended reading for colleagues interested in the very complex interplay and relationships of maternal, placental, and fetal factors relevant for fetal brain development.'

Eugen Boltshauser, Neuropediatrics, 2016

'I personally found this text interesting because it challenged me to think about how placental pathology may provide clues to mechanisms of fetal brain injury. Neonatologists, pathologist, obstetricians, neonatal neurologists, and basic scientists will all find something of interest in this edition. Above all this book reminds us that the placenta is an active participant in pregnancy and fetal brain development and is a frontier rich for future investigation.'

Margie A. Ream, Journal of Child Neurology, 2016