Acquired Brain Injury in the Fetus and Newborn – Chapter 5: Imaging the Brain of the Preterm Infant (ebook)


Chapter 5 – Imaging the Brain of the Preterm Infant

Cranial ultrasonography is the routine tool for imaging the preterm infant on the neonatal intensive care unit. It is readily available, portable and easily repeatable, and serial examination provides valuable clinical information. However, there are limitations: the evaluation of the posterior fossa and brainstem may not always be possible; myelination cannot be readily assessed; and subtle white matter abnormalities may not be identified. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides additional information to ultrasound. It may be more sensitive for precisely defining the location and extent of lesions, myelination is clearly demonstrated and maturational changes and subtle abnormalities in the white matter can be visualized.

About the book

Given the tremendous advances in the last five years in the understanding of acquired neonatal brain injury and in the care of affected newborn infants, this book provides a timely review for the practising neurologist, neonatologist and pediatrician. The editors take a pragmatic approach, focusing on specific populations encountered regularly by the clinician. They begin by addressing aspects of fetal neurology and the interpretation of fetal imaging studies. They then follow a ‘bench to bedside‚’ approach to acquired brain injury in the preterm and term newborn infant in the next chapters. The contributors, all internationally recognized clinician scientists, provide the clinician reader with a state-of-the art review in their area of expertise. The final section of the book address special populations and concerns, areas that are largely overlooked in existing neurology textbooks. Each of these areas has seen considerable advances in the last five years and is of increasing relevance to the neurologist and neonatologist clinician. The comprehensive nature of each section (from basic science to acute clinical care to outcomes) should appeal broadly to scientists and allied health professionals working in neonatal neurology.

Readership: Paediatric neurologists, neonatologists, neurologists and paediatricians, clinicians in child development, child health researchers and allied health professionals (in physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and psychology).† Trainees in these areas.

International Reviews of Child Neurology Series No. 13