Cerebellar Disorders in Children – Chapter 15: Cerebellar Cysts and Neuroimaging in Congenital Muscular Dystrophies (ebook)


Chapter 15 – Cerebellar Cysts and Neuroimaging in Congenital Muscular Dystrophies

Andrea Poretti, Andrea Klein, and Eugen Boltshauser

Cerebellar cysts are rare, typically small and multiple, and located preferentially in involving the posterior portions of the cerebellar hemispheres and the upper part of the vermis. They are relatively specifi c for some forms of congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD), but have recently been reported in other disorders too, such as Aicardi syndrome and polymicrogyria. In this chapter we discuss the differential diagnosis of cerebellar cysts and also describe other cerebellar neuroimaging findings encountered in patients with CMD.

Please note that Chapters 7-22 are also available in Part 4: Malformations.

About the Complete Book:

This clinically orientated text by an international group of experts is the first definitive reference book on disorders of the cerebellum in children. It presents a wealth of practical clinical experience backed up by a strong scientific basis for the information and guidance given. The first part sets out the theoretical underpinnings of cerebellar disorders. This is followed by sections on clinical conditions grouped according to common characteristics such as aetiology and symptomatology. The descriptions of the clinical conditions each systematically cover, as appropriate, epidemiology, prevalence, diagnostic criteria, clinical features (including course and prognosis), pathophysiology, genetics, investigations, differential diagnosis, and management and treatment. This book will be an invaluable resource for all those caring for children affected by cerebellar disorders, including malformations, genetic and metabolic disorders, acquired cerebellar damage, vascular disorders and acute ataxias. This comprehensive reference text on cerebellar disorders in children includes chapters on cerebellar development, prenatal cerebellar imaging, imaging of the posterior fossa, with coverage of a broad range of malformations, genetic and metabolic disorders involving the cerebellum, prenatal cerebellar disruptions (as related to prematurity), vascular disorders, tumors and paraneoplastic syndromes, as well as acute ataxia and trauma to the posterior fossa. Numerous checklists are provided to assist in the differential diagnosis of clinical signs and neuroimaging findings.

Paediatric neurologists, paediatricians, neurologists, developmental paediatricians, neuroimaging specialists, geneticists, neonatologists

Clinics in Developmental Medicine No. 191-192